Brief history

At the beginning of the ‘80s, a debate concerning the importance of the freedom of movement has been initiated at European level. In 1984 the former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met the French president at that time, François Mitterand, at the border check point « Goldene Brenn », nearby Saarbrücken. They decided to eliminate the border controls between Germany and France. At that time, none of them was aware of the visionary significance of this decision for a Europe without internal borders and without border control among countries…


 Members of the Agreement
  Currently, 25 European states are full members of the Schengen Agreement. These are: Belgium, France, Germany, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden...

Enlargement of the Schengen Area
Benefits of the accession

The Schengen Area is an area of freedom of movement, without internal border controls among Member States and with a single external border, where the controls are carried out according to a clear set of rules…

  The accession to the Schengen Area implies the removal of internal border controls among the Member States that fully implement the Schengen acquis and creates a single external border, where controls are carried out according to a clear set of rules concerning visas, migration, asylum, and measures regarding police, judicial and customs cooperation

    Compensatory set of rules   

Aside from the occurred benefits, the removal of internal border may also have negative impact on the internal security of the member states …
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    Process of Schengen evaluation
     Areas subjected to the evaluation visits:

     Categories of provisions of the Schengen acquis  Border control
 Stages of the evaluation process
 Police cooperation
 Romanian-Bulgarian cooperation  Implementing the Schengen Information System
 Schedule of Schengen evaluations in Romania  Data Protection

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Prolongation of the temporarily reintroduced border controls
Belgium – 24.03 - 12.04.2016 [..]
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General Information about Romania
Name: Romania. The Name of Romania was adopted in 1862, after the formation of the nation state by the unification of the two Romanian princedoms Moldavia and Walachia in 1859 [..]
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MAI – institution coordinating the accession process to the Schengen Area Schengen Department

Directorate – General european Affairs, Schengen and International Relations

  Romania’s Accession to the Schengen Area  
Milestones regarding the accession to the      Schengen Area:

Negotiations on the Chapter 24 - Justice and Home  Affairs
Romania’s accession to the European Union


The National Strategy for Accession to the Schengen Area
Schengen action plan

Decision no. 30/2007 on the organization and functioning of the Minister of Interior and Administrative Reform
Decision no. 882 of July 5, 2006 on establishing the National Schengen Auto evaluation Commission


Coordination – the National Auto-evaluation Schengen Commission
Auto-evaluation missions/pre-evaluation visits

Financial Resources:

The single multi-annual investment Plan - Schengen Facility
Schengen Facility

Press release AP 2011

Romania’s Declaration of Readiness